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Nigeria: Deadly Mass Forced Evictions Make Life Misery for Waterfront Communities

Photograph: Amnesty

A section of Otodo-Gbame affected by demolition particles

Nigerian authorities should halt a violent, illegal campaign of demolitions and forced evictions of waterfront communities in Lagos State which has to this point left greater than 30,000 folks homeless and Eleven Useless, Amnesty Global said nowadays.

A Brand New record, The Human Value of a Megacity: Pressured Evictions of the City Negative in Lagos, important points repeated Compelled evictions of the Otodo-Gbame and Ilubirin communities carried out since March 2016 without any session, ample notice, compensation or various housing being provided to these affected. Some evictees drowned as they fled police gunfire, While At The Least one was shot Dead.

“These ruthless Forced evictions are Simply the most up to date examples of a practice that has been happening in Nigeria for over a decade in complete defiance of International legislation,” stated Osai Ojigho, Amnesty Global Nigeria’s United States Director.

“For the residents of these disadvantaged communities, a lot of whom rely on their day by day fish seize to make a residing, the waterfront represents home, work and survival. Forced evictions Imply they lose the whole thing – their livelihoods, their possessions and in some instances their lives.

“The Lagos state authorities must halt these attacks on Terrible communities who are being punished for the state’s Urban planning failures. The instability and uncertainty created by means of Pressured evictions is making their lives a Distress as they’re left completely destitute.”

Amnesty International spoke to 97 evicted folks as a part of its research, all of whom told a identical story of being made homeless and losing almost all their possessions.

Communities under assault

Between November 2016 and April 2017, Lagos state authorities forcibly and violently evicted greater than 30,000 residents from the Otodo-Gbame community on the outskirts of Lagos metropolis.

In The first eviction, in the dead of night on 9 November, police and unidentified armed males chased out residents with gunfire and teargas, atmosphere houses on fire as bulldozers demolished them.

Panicked residents tried to run to safety amid the chaos, with eyewitnesses reporting that some drowned Within The neighborhood lagoon as they ran from gunfire.

Evictee Celestine Ahinsu advised Amnesty Global: “After a couple of days we started seeing the our bodies floating. I saw three – a person with a backpack and a pregnant woman with a child on her Again. The neighborhood youths brought the our bodies from the water. The family of the pregnant girl and youngster came to take their our bodies.”

9 persons are believed to have drowned all the way through the eviction and any other 15 remain unaccounted for.

Of the 4,Seven-hundred residents who remained in Otodo-Gbame after the eviction, some slept in canoes or out In The open, covering themselves with plastic sheets when it rained.

4 months later, in March 2017, state security forces backed up by using unidentified males armed with machetes, weapons and axes forcibly evicted residents who had remained.

When residents protested, they got here under assault from police. One man, father of two Daniel Aya, was shot In The neck and killed.

The Pressured evictions had been performed in direct violation of court docket orders issued on 7 November 2016 and 26 January 2017. In some circumstances, residents were evicted Whereas they confirmed police a duplicate of the courtroom order that used to be supposed to forestall the government from demolishing their properties.

In The Meantime, 823 residents of the local Ilubirin community were forcibly evicted between 19 March 2016 and 22 April 2017.

After being given Just 12 days’ written notice of eviction, Lagos state executive officers and dozens of cops chased residents out of their homes, and demolished all the structures in the community the usage of fire and wood cutting tools.

Evictees subsequently lower back to the world and rebuilt their structures, but these were demolished six months later with Just two days’ oral notice and no session.

Inconsistent executive response

The Lagos govt’s explanations for these Pressured evictions were repeatedly inconsistent.

In November 2016, it denied any accountability for the Forced evictions and blamed them on a communal conflict that resulted in fires which razed down the neighborhood.

In March 2017, the government said its moves that month had been taken to offer protection to environmental health.

On 9 October 2016, the Lagos Governor Also said that waterfront demolitions are intended to stem a upward push in kidnappings Within The state, alleging that irregular structures serve as hideouts for criminals

In April 2017, the State Ministry of Justice stated the government forcibly evicted lots of Otodo-Gbame residents as a result of it had cause to imagine that “militants are hiding amongst the folks In The Otodo-Gbame and are perfecting plans to assault the Lekki and Victoria Island environs the usage of the settlement as a base”.

“While the state may just want to address security and environmental issues, destroying folks’s properties and forcibly evicting hundreds who live alongside the Lagos waterfronts is an absolutely disproportionate response and is not the reply. Pressured evictions are absolutely prohibited below International law and never justified,” mentioned Osai Ojigho.

Lack of safeguards and a need for investigation

All Pressured evictions In The Ilubirin and Otodo-Gbame communities passed off without real consultation with affected residents, ample prior notice, provision of compensation or various housing – contrary to Nigeria’s Global felony responsibilities. Because Of This, lots of those evicted are homeless and have misplaced their livelihoods.

“The Lagos government should arrange a panel of inquiry to research the Compelled evictions and attacks at Ilubirin and Otodo-Gbame. All those accountable for felony acts – together with officers of the state – need to be dropped at justice through truthful trials,” said Osai Ojigho.

“There should be a moratorium on mass evictions unless the Lagos state government has rules in situation that be sure evictions agree to World standards.

“Eventually, the authorities must urgently launch an investigation into the whereabouts of all those said lacking following the Ilubirin and Otodo-Gbame Pressured evictions.”


The findings of Amnesty Global’s record are based on 18 container investigations with the aid of researchers, together with interviews with 124 folks and analysis of photos, videos and paperwork reminiscent of akin to clinic records and courtroom rulings.

Eight meetings had been held with government officers, While 17 officers from the Lagos state government and the Nigerian Police have been interviewed. Forensic consultants analyzed photos of corpses of evictees, bullet casings and teargas canisters discovered Within The Otodo-Gbame neighborhood following the Pressured evictions.

The file Additionally paperwork As A Minimum three events between 9 November 2016 and 9 April 2017, when the residents of Otodo-Gbame have been attacked with the aid of armed men who they identified as being from the neighbouring Ikate Elegushi neighborhood. At The Least 15 folks sustained various levels of accidents, Whereas one person died all through these assaults. Additionally, on 16 February 2015, Ilubrin neighborhood used to be attacked by using armed men, and two children went lacking (bringing the total selection of folks pronounced lacking by means of the two communities to 17).

Amnesty Global shared its findings with the Lagos state authorities but has obtained no response.

Between 2000 and 2009, Nigerian authorities forcibly evicted over two million folks. In February 2013, authorities in Lagos state forcibly evicted At Least 9,000 individuals from Badia East to make approach for a government building challenge. In September 2015, about 10,000 people were evicted from Badia West and the surviving elements of Badia East.

Nigeria is a party to the World Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and other World and regional human rights treaties, which require it to appreciate the proper to ample housing, along side other Financial and social rights, and to stop and chorus from finishing up Compelled evictions.

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